If you speak to a man in his own language, you speak to his heart.” (Nelson Mandela, 2007). We have numerous options of Medium of Instruction in Pakistan. The Medium of Instruction (MOI) plays a significant role in any education system. The new directive will come into effect in over 60,000 public schools of the province from the next academic session beginning March 2020. This division of public and private schools leads to a lack of uniformity in our country, in both rural and urban areas. There is a lack of political stability, a huge increase in violence and terrorism activities, and social unrest. Terms & Conditions, Copyright © 2020 Daily Times Website Developed By Daily Times Developers. Pakistan's Punjab government has removed English as a medium of instruction from primary schools and reintroduced Urdu, saying teachers and students waste most of their time in translation. Ph: +92 42 36375963-5 Fax: 042-36298302 It also become part of the Muslim identity and contributed, next only to Islam itself, in mobilizing the Muslim community to demand Pakistan which was carved out of British India in 1947. Pakistan has five major vernacular or native languages which are provincial languages, and some other regional languages, and Urdu is our national language, and we should be proud of our languages. Approximately 1/3rd of all students at the primary level attend a private school in Pakistan. Economic development and prosperity of the nation are promoted by the good quality of education and when people become skillful and educated they play their roles in overall national development. Pakistan has five major vernacular or native languages which are provincial languages and some other regional languages and Urdu is our national language and we should be proud of our languages. TEACHERS’ PERCEPTIONS TOWARDS ENGLISH LANGUAGE AS MEDIUM OF INSTRUCTION IN PAKISTAN It makes sense of responsibility among the people. Editor’s Picks, Contact I can best explain this with an example of Holy Quran, as it was descended by Allah Almighty in Arabic and Our Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W.W) used to convey the teachings in that language because it was the mother tongue of Arabs at that time so they understand it very clearly without facing any problem. They all are following their own medium of instruction and this shows the most miserable picture of the whole community. Thé médium of instruction being English, only candidates proficient in this language are eligible to apply. The … The educational systems in Pakistan are giving birth to a dissimilarity and division of social classes in Pakistan. became the medium of instruction in the Islamic seminaries (madrasas) and the major language of religious writings. Pakistan Government has been unable to come up with a uniform medium of instruction to be used in our educational institutions. Ph: +92 51 2287273 Islamabad, Ph: +92 21 35381208-9 Karachi This issue has remained unresolved in Pakistan due to overwhelming practice of other local and native languages in different provinces. “If you speak to a man in a language he understands, you speak to his head. Investor Information Some people prefer English, while others think that their mother tongue - or Urdu - is a better option. MINISTRY OF EDUCATION 7 th November, 2008 plz send me copy of that file. Friday, December 18, 2020, English as Medium of Instruction in Pakistani Educational System: Necessity or Hegemony. Medium of instruction is big problem in Pakistan. Every nation becomes prosperous by gaining an education in its own language then Why Pakistan uses English as the medium of instruction? 4-Shaarey Fatima Jinnah, Lahore The current situation in Pakistan is quite down. 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The economic development and prosperity of a nation are promoted by a good quality of education, and when people become skillful and educated they play their roles in overall national development. Pakistan is a multilingual country due to which various provincial / regional languages are … It also become part of the Muslim identity and contributed, next only to Islam itself, in mobilizing the Muslim community to demand Pakistan which was carved out of British India in 1947. As it is not possible for a man to walk with the legs of others, or see with the eyes of others, it is equally impossible for him to think in the language of others. As it is not possible for a man to walk with the legs of others, and see with the eyes of others. They are found in both urban and rural areas. The current paper studies the latest language policy of Pakistan and its implications for local languages. The lower middle class who hardly can afford the basic needs have first priority to educate their children, sends them in Urdu medium schools as they were of opinion that at least their children will become educated. Urdu medium 2. We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. Upper class, Upper middle class or middle class who can afford the huge fee chargers of renowned institutions send their child to English medium institutes. Its economy is weak. A glance at our national educational history reveals a disturbing trend towards our attitude to the language to be used in our educational institutions. The study was delimited to male primary school teachers of the three districts namely Mardan, Peshawar and Swabi of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. Pakistan is a developing country. The issue of appropriate selection of MOI has been controversial among the educationists, policy makers, teachers and parents due to multiple reasons domestic, foreign, professional or economical. The use of English as a medium of instruction in schools has given opportunity to a long debate whether English is better verified than … As we have three types of systems of education working in parallel, English medium, Urdu medium and Deeni Madaris. In Pakistan, most public schools use Urdu, but private schools have English as medium of instruction [citation needed]. This debate stirs up on and off due to various socio-political factors and then settles like dust temporarily. The Punjab Government has recently decided to re-introduce Urdu as the medium of instruction for primary school students in the province. Approximately a third of all students at primary level attend a private school in Pakistan. Every social class goes for a separate system of education for their children, like the upper class, upper middle class and middle class who can afford the huge fee charged by renowned institutions, send their children to English-medium institutions. Pakistani schools those use English as the medium of instruction are called English medium schools. Pakistan needs a trilingual model wherein the native/mother tongue must be the medium of instruction at the primary level along with Urdu and English as subjects. The primary school teachers who successfully completed grade III training English as Medium of Instruction in Khyber Pukhtunkhawa were the population of the study. As we have three types of systems of education working parallel as an English medium, Urdu medium, and Deeni Madaras. The target population was 1947 male primary school teachers from which a sample of … English was made medium of instruction in 18 colleges in 2008. Although demands for Urdu/mother-tongue to be medium of instruction are supported by empirical evidence, English seems to have taken the lead at all times. Language creates width in its flow over time. • Vernacular / Mother-tongue / First language / Native language Punjabi, Pashto, Sindhi, Balochi, Saraiki etc. As we have three types of systems of education working in parallel, English medium, Urdu medium and Deeni Madaris. It has far more implications for cultural, economic, political, and social issues. Government of the Punjab Notification No. We have many examples of developed or developing countries who made progress by educating their nation in their own mother tongue. PS/SSE/Misc/2009/176 dated 18-09-2009 required for the subjects of science and mathematics to be taught in English in each school. Parallel System of Education English medium Middle, Upper-middle and Upper Classes Urdu medium Lower-middle & working classes … Language creates width in its flow over time. From this, I can also relate that if we want human development it is necessary to use our own national or native language which leads to better understanding of basic concepts and then we can get prosperity and economic development. Pakistan is a developing country. Its economy is weak. 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An English as a compulsory subject policy was … This research paper focuses on the medium of instruction that has been the burning issue not only in Pakistan but all around the world. Home Unfortunately, in Pakistan, it is felt that there is a shortage of skilled professionals in the field of teaching, especially at the higher education level. It became the medium of instruction in the Islamic seminaries (madrasas) and the major language of religious writings. On the one hand, it provides access to jobs. Some very religious people or poor people who can’t afford the expenses of schools at all send their child to Deeni Maddaras where the medium of instruction is totally different they used to speak in Arabic or in their native or regional language. Statement of the Problem Since Pakistan is a multilingual country, it is arguable whether English, Urdu, or the Regional language should become the medium of instruction in its schools. 2. "Dedicated to the legacy of the late Hameed Nizami" Unfortunately, in Pakistan, it is felt that there is a shortage of skilled professionals in the field of teaching, especially at the Higher Education level. The educational systems in Pakistan are giving birth to a dissimilarity and division of social classes in Pakistan. “If you speak to a man in a language he understands, you speak to his head. From this, I can also relate that if we want human development it is necessary to use our own national or native language which leads to a better understanding of basic concepts and then we can get prosperity and economic development. Latest News medium of instruction in Pakistan and to emphasize the efforts fabricated by the antecedent Govt. It is equally impossible for him to think in the language of others. English medium Today in every province of Pakistan, there are various languages which are used at various levels. Education plays a key role in national development. Language creates width in its flow over time. This letter of announcement is addressed to Member States whose names are on thé attached list (Annex l). Members of the lower middle-class, who hardly can afford the basic needs of food and shelter, have as their first priority the educating of their children, send them to Urdu-medium schools as they were of the opinion that at least their children will become educated. Once Urdu is declared as the national language to be adopted as a medium of instruction at all levels of education, it will begin to take care of things on its own. This division of public and private schools leads to non-uniformity of our country in both rural and urban areas. Education plays a key role in national development. Some very religious people, or poor people who can’t afford the expenses of schools at all, send their child to Deeni Madaris, where the medium of instruction is totally different, and where they are used to speak in Arabic or in their native or regional language. If you speak to a man in his own language, you speak to his heart.”. This messy situation has caused a great hindrance to the education system in Pakistan. Medium Of Instruction THE MEDIUM/ LANGUAGE OF INSTRUCTION USED IN PAKISTANI CLASSROOMS Introduction 1. Pakistan is a developing country. Pakistan has struggled with the issue of medium of instruction for decades. This chapter provides an overview of some of the core issues in English as a medium of instruction (EMI) in higher education (HE) in Pakistan. LAHORE: The Punjab government has announced its decision to revert to Urdu as medium of instruction at the primary level in public schools from the next academic session beginning in March. Progress cannot come without using your own language. Company’s Financials Search Results. The writer heads an independent organisation dealing with education and development in Swat. Lead Stories Your right to know This paper traces the controversy about the medium of instruction in Pakistan, beginning with the use of Englt education in pre-partition days. On the other hand, a huge number of children fail to understand basic lessons and are reduced to rote memorization because of inadequate language skills. Economic development and prosperity of the nation are promoted by the good quality of education and when people become skillful and educated they play their roles in overall national development. It makes for a sense of responsibility among the people. Firstly, each province has its own regional language which is used as the language of everyday communication; and in school level Urdu is used as the language of instruction. From this, I can also relate that if we want human development it is necessary to use our own national or native language which leads to better understanding of basic concepts and then we can get prosperity and economic development. with advertence to medium of instruction in the country. We have many examples of developed or developing countries that made progress by educating their nation in their own mother tongue. I can best explain this with example of Holy Quran, as it was revealed by the Almighty in Arabic and Our Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) used to convey teachings in that language because it was the mother tongue of the Arabs at that time, so they understood it very clearly without facing any problem. English is the preferred language of education at privet sectors and is most often recognized as the language of the elite and the ruling class. Students in English medium schools learn their subject This is no doubt the murder of integrity and uniformity in Pakistan. At the level of higher education the mother tongue must be included as a subject. On the other hand, a huge number of children fail to understand basic lessons and are reduced to rote memorization because of inadequate language skills. Progress cannot come without using your own language. After contextualising EMI within the larger medium of instruction debate in the country, the chapter critically reviews some of the relevant findings from three major studies on attitudes towards languages in Pakistan. Medium of instruction in Pakistani Education System. • National Language Urdu • Official Language English 4. Impact of English as Medium of Instruction on Student Learning at Primary Level in Lahore Sidra Kiran* NabiaYounus** Muhammad SaeedAkhtar*** ABSTRACT Selection of appropriate language of instruction has remained the point of discussion for the policy makers since 1st education policy of Pakistan. The Khyber Pakhtunkhwa government, led by Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf, has changed the medium of instruction in public schools from Urdu to English from April 2014. This situation is no doubt the murder of integrity and uniformity in Pakistan. Every social class goes for separate set up of education for their children e.g. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it. Once Urdu is declared as the national language to be adopted as a medium of instruction at all levels of education, it will begin to take care of things on its own. Once Urdu is declared as the national language to be adopted as a medium of instruction at all levels of education, it will begin to take care of things on its own. It makes sense of responsibility among the people. Medium of Instructions in Pakistan We have numerous options of medium of instruction in Pakistan. The government’s decision to revert to Urdu as the medium of instruction in public schools up till Grade 3 this year has been met with reservations by some teachers who insist that it should apply up till Grade 5 … All these problems are directly or indirectly linked with the poor and weak education system in Pakistan. The current situation of Pakistan is quite below standard. As every nation becomes prosperous by gaining education in its own language, then why does Pakistan use English as the medium of instruction? This policy was meant to consolidate the empire because the English-educated Anglicised elite would support British rule in its own interest. All these problems are directly or indirectly linked with a poor and weak education system in Pakistan. There is a lack of political stability, a huge increase in violence and terrorism activities and social unrest. On the one hand, it provides access to jobs. Education plays a key role in national development. English as Medium of Instruction in Pakistani Educational System: Necessity or Hegemony. This problem becomes more severe in multilingual countries like Pakistan. There are two sources for this ill-advised move. The issue of language in Pakistan is not just related to linguistics. This messy situation has caused a great hindrance to the education system in Pakistan. mediums of instruction in Pakistan: 1. They all are following their own medium of instructions and this shows the most miserable picture of the whole community. Language Policy and Medium of Instruction Issue in Pakistan 113 but due to colonial influences and emotive value of Urdu especially in the Hindi-Urdu controversy, Urdu remained the official medium of instruction in most of the institutions of Pakistan (Rahman, 1995). PAKISTAN: AN EXPLORATION OF GOVERNMENT PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS’ ATTITUDES by LIAQUAT ALI CHANNA (Under the Direction of Victoria Hasko) ABSTRACT The National Education Policy (NEP, 2009) of Pakistan mandates that English shall be used as a medium of instruction for certain subjects in Grade 4 and onward in 2014. Arif Nizami (Editor) The educational systems in Pakistan are giving birth to dissimilarity and division of social classes in Pakistan. • Vernacular / Mother-tongue / First language / Native language Major native languages of Pakistan are … Independent organisation dealing with education and development in Swat needed ] Mandela, 2007 ) situation Pakistan. Language policy of Pakistan, most public schools use Urdu, but private schools have as... Systems in Pakistan, most public schools use Urdu, but private schools leads a... Various languages which are used at various levels - or Urdu - a... 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